Old Window Glass ID Guide | Figured & Rolled Texture Patterns

Old Patterned Window Glass

Chance-Bros Panel - Muffled Tinted

How to identify old window glass patterns and textures:  British, American and Australian decorative & ‘fancy rolled glass’ gallery.

Victorian window glass makers introduced rolled and fancy figured glass towards the end of the 19thCentury.  These ornamental patterned glasses had a surface texture and were often tinted with colour.  Many designs were not intended to be used as sheet glass but instead were designed for use in decorative leaded light window panels.  Using old archives, along with our team’s experience, this gallery is an attempt to record all of these varied obscuring flat glass designs.  

A supplement to our main article: History Of Architectural Glass For Windows

Any further information or glass sample pictures you might have, to help complete the collection, would be welcomed; please email Simon.  

Please include a link to this article if sharing it or posting elsewhere, either in part or full; It took a lot of work.

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Table of Contents

Coloured Glass Tints

Cathedral Tints – This is the term applied to light tints of no positive colour.  Muffled glass could be had in specific pot-metal colours.

Old British Patterned & Decorative Window Glass

  •  1838: James Hartley was granted a patent for producing patterned glass by casting onto an engraved surface and rolling from above.  
  • 1888: Chance Brothers developed mechanised production of ‘Figured Rolled’ and ‘Cathedral Glass’.  The pattern is engraved into the hot glass by rollers. 
  • 1898: Pilkington Brothers introduced rolled wired cast glass.

Prism Glass is an architectural glass which bends light. It was frequently used around the turn of the 20th century to project natural light to areas far from windows, known as anidolic lighting.

British cathedral glass was sold in thickness of 1/8, 3/16 and 1/4 inch thick and weighed about 21 oz to 26 oz to the foot. 

Old Pilkington Glass Textures

Maltese, Cretan, Persian are unidentified.   Romanesque appears in the Mississippi range below.

1901 Pilkington Brothers

Victorian Flat Glass Designs – British hardware catalogue, dated 1901

“Pilkington’s Figured Rolled and Cathedral Glass is made in a great variety of artistic tints.  Nineteen Figured Patterns are made in about one dozen of the most popular tints, including shades of Blue, Amber and Pink.  The figured glass patterns are :- Arctic Large; Arctic Small; Muranese Small, Muranese Medium; Muranese Large; Pinhead Morocco; Cretan; Oceanic; Rose; Maltese; Japanese; Kaleidoscope; Rippled; Quilted; Persian; Shell; Arabesque

Small Hammered and Double Rolled Cathedral are made in about 100 different sades, including Green, Blue, Amber and Pink.  Clear Cathedral, Waterwite, Rimpled, Plain Cathedral and Large Hammered Cathedral are made in the same tints as the patterns above, and can also be had in a number of other standard tints.  Bullions are made to order in white and in many of the Cathedral tints for glazing in doors and leaded lights.”

This old Pilkington sample box came up for an online auction.  The photos are not great but still interesting & useful.  There was no date listed for them c.1900.

1939 product catalogue from Pilkington describing the range of Cathedral and Figured Rolled glass

1950s - 1960s Pilkington Samples

Chance Brothers: Old Glass Patterns

By 1904 Chance had followed Pilkingtons lead and started to name their designs instead of just lettering them.

  • Patterns A to H
  • Pattern K
  • Pattern M
  • Pattern MU
  • Flannel Flower
  • Imperial
  • Fiesta
  • Spotlyte
  • Small Glystre
  • Kristelle*
  • Florelle*


Patterns I, J & L are currently unknowns.  The confirmed patterns are taken from trade catalogues circa 1900 although many of the patterns were already in production before this time.  Kristelle & Florelle appear to be Chance designs, but they are not confirmed yet. 

Muranese Pattern Glass

Chance ‘Pattern MU’ is similar to Pilkington’s Muranese floral pattern, suggesting both companies offered a “Muranese” glass.  Muranese was probably the most popular of all the Victorian patterned glasses, produced in every colour with a choice of small, medium and large patterns.  It derives its name from the Venetian island of Murano, famous for high quality blown glass.  A similar pattern is Florentine glass from the USA.

Chance Bros 1905 - FRG Figured Rolled Glass Advert

Victorian Glass Shop Display Samples

Old leaded glass display panel from a glaziers shop with hand-written identification names.  The panel with circles is tricky to read.  ‘Wate’, “vate’ or ‘Orate’?  Two similar glaziers panels added at the end, from other sources.

‘Diaper’ would now be a very unusual name to give to a decorative product, the origins of the word are…

“The sense of the English word descended through “textile fabric having a pattern not strongly defined and repeated at short intervals,” especially, since 15c., of linen where the pattern is indicated only by the direction of the thread, the whole being white or in the unbleached natural colour.

By 1590s this led to a sense “towel, napkin or cloth of diaper;” the main modern sense of “square piece of cloth for swaddling the bottoms of babies” is by 1837 and became common in 20c. Also “any pattern constantly repeated over a relatively large surface” (by 1851).”

I suspect these patterns are Chance designs but currently, they are unconfirmed.

James Hartley and Co. / Hartley Wood: Old Glass

Sorry, but so far we have had no luck locating any examples of ‘Hartley’s Patent Plate’ also known as Hartley’s Rolled Plate, Hartley’s ridged glass or Hartley’s Patent Rough Plate.  Although there is a mention of Hartley Cathedral Glass there is no evidence they ever produced a figured rolled glass pattern.  Hartleys rolled plate was primarily a roofing glass.

Old Australian Glass Patterns

1930s – first patterns produced

FIGURED ROLLED GLASS. Patterns; KOSCIUSKO (similar to Arctic). SMALL KOSCIUSKO (similar to Small Arctic). WAVERLEY (similar to Flemish). SMALL WAVERLEY (similar to Small Flemish). COOGEE (similar to G). ARROWHEAD (similar to Morocco). PYRAMID (similar to Glistre). SMALL PYRAMID (similar to Small Glistre). SPOTS WOOD (similar to Stippolyte). GLACIER (similar to Dewdrop). EUSTON (similar to No. 2 Hammered Cathedral). SMALL EUSTON (similar to No. 1 Hammered Cathedral). DAPPLED CATHEDRAL. DOUBLE ROLLED CATHEDRAL. MODERNS FLUTED PINHEAD MOROCCO. DOUBLE ROLLED ROUGH CAST, ROUGH CAST, MILL ROLLED. WASHBOARD. WIRED GLASS.WIRED ROUGH CAST, WIRED MILL ROLLED. WIRED “KOSCIUSKO.”

COLOURED FIGURED ROLLED GLASS is supplied in the ever-popular tints of Amber, Green, Blue and Wine, in a wide range of patterns, terns, and is generally used for adding a touch of colour to windows or leadlights to relieve what would otherwise be a bare expanse of White, to harmonise with furnishings, and for the purpose of breaking the glare which is ofttimes times noticeable where the sun shines strongly on the glass.  Particularly does this apply to Queensland and tropical or sub-tropical climates.

Amber tinted Figured Rolled Glass is most suitable for the glazing of churches and halls, and gives a particularly pleasing and restful light and appearance.  Green Figured Rolled, when used in conjunction junction with White, is most suitable for sunrooms rooms and verandahs.

COLOURED GLASS. Various tints in Amber, Green, Blue and Wine, in the majority of patterns of Figured Rolled Glass

Old USA Glass Patterns

These figured glasses were imported from England and listed by several American glass suppliers in their catalogs.  It is quite possible other British patterns from Pilkington & Chance Brothers were also being sold in America.  After America imposed higher import taxation in the 1920s these patterns stopped being imported.

Patent Venetian, Figured No 1, 2 & 3, Muranese, Romanesque & Oceanic.

Newest Art Glass - Florentine Glass & Double Chipped Glass.

USA Patterns

Mississippi-Glass-Company logo

1906 - Mississippi Figured Glass
1906 - mississippi Figured Glass

1920s Mississippi Glass Company

1914 Pressed Prism Plate Glass Company

Old Window Glass ID Guide | Figured & Rolled Texture Patterns 1Old Window Glass ID Guide | Figured & Rolled Texture Patterns 2 

193os Magnalite Prism Glass Samples

Old Window Glass ID Guide | Figured & Rolled Texture Patterns 3 Old Window Glass ID Guide | Figured & Rolled Texture Patterns 4

1932 Blue Ridge Glass Samples

1930s Highland Western Glass Samples

1946 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company Samples

1880 – Wm. King & Bro. : importers of French window and picture glass

1895 – Chipped, ground, enameled and embossed glass in all varieties.
by Rawson & Evans (Chicago, Ill.)

1896 – Wire glass, its uses and application as a fire retardent / made by the Mississippi Glass Company

1900 – Price list of rough, ribbed, ground, enameled, colored, chipped, figured, rolled, etc., glass. by Swindell Brothers

1914 – International art glass catalogue 

1915 – Catalog of Pennsylvania “Solid” wire glass and glass without wire.
by Pennsylvania Wire Glass Co

1923 – Glass, paints, varnishes and brushes: their history, manufacture, and use
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1924 – “Revised” international art glass catalog domestic : showing designs of the highest grade art glass.
by Mound City Art Glass Company

1929 – Glass by Mississippi.
by Mississippi Glass Co. and Mississippi Wire Co.

1930 – Figured glass by Mississippi
by Mississippi Glass Company

1930 – Old beauty in new glass.  Tapestry Glass
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1933 – Glass by Mississippi.
by Mississippi Glass Co. and Mississippi Wire Co.

1933 – Glass and Paint Products of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1933 – Flat glass: Flat drawn window glass, polished plate glass, safety glass, figured and wire glass
by Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company

1935 – Pennvernon window glass.
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1935 – 52 designs to modernize Main street with glass.
by Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Co.

1937 – Plate glass
by Plate Glass Manufacturers of America

1937 – Invisible glass window units: a dramatic new merchandising force.
by Invisible Glass Company of America

1938 – Glass products of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1938 – Libbey Owens Ford glass.
by Libbey Owens Ford

1939 – Glass products.by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co.

1941 – Glass designed for happiness.
by Libbey Owens Ford Glass Company

1941 -Libbey Owens Ford quality flat glass products.
by Libbey Owens Ford Glass Company

1944 – How glass can make your new home lighter
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1945 – Planning ahead with glass for more enjoyable living.
by Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company

1946 – Thermopane : the windowpane that insulates with the patented bondermetic seal.
by Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company

1949 – Specify Mississippi Glass
by Mississippi Glass Co.

1949 – Glass Rolled, Figured, and Wire Glass
by Southwestern Sheet Glass Co.

1949 – Pittsburgh Glass Products
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1949 – “American” Glass
by American Window Glass Co.

1949 – Magnalite Diffusing glass
by J. Merrill Richards

1949 – Glass Data for the Architect
by Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company

1950 – How to give your home glamour with glass.
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co.

1950 – PPG Products
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1955 Glass : for residential, commercial use.
by Mississippi Glass Co.

1955 – Pittsburgh glass for better homes and stores.
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co

1955 – Glass For Construction

1958 – Mississippi Glass for industrial, commercial, school, residential use, catalog no. 58-G
by Mississippi Glass Company

1960 – Design your daylighting with… Pennsylvania corrugated wire glass
by Pennsylvania Wire Glass Company

1960 – Pittsburgh Glass Products
by Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company

1960 – Heat And Glare Reducing Window Glass
by Houze Glass Corporation

Recent Glass Patterns

For the most up to date range check the supplier’s website:

UK : Pilkington Decorative Glass   –   Barron Glass

AU : Viridian Decorative Glass

Pilkington

Pilkington Texture Glass.

Visit Pilkington Glass – Pattern Visualiser

“Whether it’s for privacy, pure style or to allow more light into internal rooms, Pilkington Texture Glass gives you a stylish range of attractive options.”

“If you need replacement glass to match an existing design, don’t worry, we have a number of well-established designs that are still available.”

Pilkington Oriel Collection – premium etched range.

“This exciting range of stunning, high-end decorative etched glass designs offer excellent light transmission with various levels of privacy. The range is available in a variety of contemporary and traditional designs, each with a modern opaque appearance.”

Viridian (Australia)

China & Asia Pattern Glass

Patterned glass is now being produced in China.  Some art-glass suppliers are now offering these products.

Period Window Restoration